It is a known fact that a strong navy is an important element of every Maritime Nation. But is it that important for nations that do not have access to the open Seas?
Let’s find out why these landlocked nations have Navy and what are their motives. Also how important is Navy.
Azerbaijan Navy is the Naval component of the Azerbaijan Armed Forces operating at the Caspian Sea.
It is also the second most powerful fleet in the Caspian Sea after the Russian Flotilla.
The importance arises because Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water. It has the richness of oil and minerals like the sea, it is salty and huge and also it had been considered a sea and called so by all the enclosing countries in their respective languages. But it is inland : so shouldn’t it be a salt water lake?
Lake or Sea – this will decide under whose jurisdiction this water body comes and who will operate where. The Russians have had a major control though.
Also, the Azerbaijan Navy also has a Navy Special Forces.
Surprisingly it also has 4 submarines with the surface navy comprising of one frigate, more than 13 missile boats, 6 landing crafts and 7 minesweepers.
BOLIVIAN NAVY (Armada Boliviana)
It is a branch of Bolivian Armed Forces that operates on major rivers that are tributaries of Amazon and Lake Titicaca, the highest navigable lake in the world.
Bolivia claims it had access to the sea at independence in 1825 and in the Boundary treaty of 1866 between Chile and Bolivia but post The War of Pacific where Chile defeated Peru and Bolivia, it lost the access.
Although Peru granted Bolivia “dock facilities, a free-trade zone and space for economic activities” along with the option to “build a Pacific Coast annex for the Bolivian navy school” in a 99-year deal. [ Reference : Salazar, Carla. “Bolivian navy can finally sail out to sea, says Peru”. The Independent. Retrieved 10 August 2016.]
The Navy has as many as 173 vessels, Marine Corps and Navy Military Police.
This is the first article covering Navies of the Landlocked Nations. Stay tuned, follow or subscribe to know stories of more Navies around the world.