A Brief Picture
North Korea is located in North East Asia and runs a socialist system inspired by the Soviet Union. 25% of their GDP is used for military expenditure (just for the record, the US spends 3.61% of its GDP on military expenditure) and it has the fourth largest army on duty after US, China and India!
It is a nuclear capable state infamous for human rights violations under Kim Jong-un, the present President of North Korea.
Although they call themselves the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, officially, there seems to be nothing democratic about it since Kim’s father and grandfather were the two Presidents before him, respectively.It depends on China for goods, energy and food.
Korean Wars (1950-53)
The United Nations responded to North Korea’s invasion of South Korea by swiftly advancing into North Korea till the Chinese rapidly retaliated shifting the balance of forces. Till date, anti-communist and anti-North Korea sentiment prevails in South Korea and US.
North Korea started its nuclear programs in 1960s that attracted a lot of controversies.The first nuclear test was conducted in 2006 and the fifth and largest Nuclear test on 9 September 2016 defying international laws and sanctions. It was believed to have an yield between 10-30 kT, making it stronger than Little Boy that was dropped on Hiroshima.
To counter this, the US has stationed its troops in South Korea and Japan and has promised them protection against adversaries.
During the US presidential elections 2016, Trump had said that if he came to power, he would accept Kim, signaling a neutral response towards North Korea’s nuclear policies.
Declaring this as nonsense, So Se Pyong, North Korea’s ambassador to UN said, “It’s for utilization of the presidential election, that’s all. A kind of propaganda or advertisement. This is useless.”
Trump’s stand on bringing down the security commitments in South Korea and Japan also signals a neutral presence in that region. This also signals towards China’s growing importance in the power-play in that region.
What do you think?